If the Australian Aboriginals have been here for at least 40,000 years, they must possibly be one of the most enduring communities on the planet, one of the oldest population groups.✶ How did they manage that? What's their secret to survival?
There are several. But surely one of the primary ones would be the ability to fluidly change their way of life as climates and geography change. They used to be coastal and get their food sources from the ocean, but as they had to move inland, they became hunter-gatherers.
Secondly, they live in balance between their inner and outer realities; between the soul world and the material world. This way they receive guidance from deceased ancestors, their own inner knowing, and spirits.
Thirdly, another reason their society has survived is because of the strength of the structure of their family unit. The family is jointly supported by the collaborative efforts of both parents. The women either catch fish or gather edibles. The men hunt and at night the family members share the achievements and the events of the day around the fire. The children contribute too. The girls fetch water and the boys gather firewood. Everybody plays an important part of the family unit's survival.
✶See: Atitlan, Land of the Serpent Priests